The common or popular usage boom-and-bust cycle refers to fluctuations in which the expansion is rapid and the contraction severe.The first systematic exposition of periodic economic crises, in opposition to the existing theory of economic equilibrium, was the 1819 Nouveaux Principes d'économie politique by Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi. Sismondi found vindication in the Panic of 1825, which was the first unarguably international economic crisis, occurring in peacetime.Selected papers were published in the The 24th annual International Seminar on Macroeconomics, organized by Jeffrey Frankel and Francesco Giavazzi, was held in Dublin, Ireland, June 8-9, 2001, hosted by Vincent Hogan, University College, Dublin. See Methodology Does CEPR use a different approach to NBER?CAMBRIDGE, July 27 -- The Committee on Business Cycle Dating of the NBER met on July 26 to reviews the evidence about the current state of the U. The Committee met in response to growing evidence that the economy may have reached a cyclical peak in recent months and entered a recession at that point.
Despite the often-applied term cycles, these fluctuations in economic activity do not exhibit uniform or predictable periodicity.The 26th annual ISo M met in Barcelona, Spain, June 13-14, 2003, hosted by Jordi Gali at the Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional, of the Universitat Pompeu Fabra.The program was organized by Zvi Eckstein and Ken West.How does that relate to your recession dating procedure?Most of the recessions identified by the Committee’s procedures consist of two or more quarters of declining real GDP, but declining real GDP is not the only indicator used.Robert Hall, Chair -- Past Director of NBER's Program on Economic Fluctuations and Growth and Professor, Stanford University Martin Feldstein -- President Emeritus of NBER and Professor, Harvard Univerity Jeffrey Frankel -- Director of NBER's Program on International Finance and Macroeconomics and Professor, Harvard University Robert J. Valerie Ramey -- NBER Research Associate and Professor, University of California, San Diego Christina Romer -- Co-Director of NBER's Program on Monetary Economics and Professor, University of California, Berkeley David Romer -- Co-Director of NBER's Program on Monetary Economics and Professor, University of California, Berkeley James Stock -- NBER Research Associate and Professor, Harvard University Mark W.Gordon -- NBER Research Associate and Professor, Northwestern University James Poterba -- President of NBER and Professor, M. Selected papers were published in the The 25th annual ISo M met in Frankfurt, Germany, June 14-15, 2002, hosted by Otmar Issing and Frank Smets, the European Central Bank.The program was organized by Jim Stock and Lars Svensson.of the National Bureau of Economic Research has determined that the 2007-2009 recession began in December 2007 and ended in June 2009, (1) there is considerable variation across metro areas with regard to the timing, strength and persistence of the recovery.of the National Bureau of Economic Research, "A recession is a significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale--retail sales.